Are your children ready for their first few days of school? Kindergarten is the first step on the academic journey and an important milestone in social development, so it’s normal for parents to wonder if their children are prepared enough. If you are feeling this way, it can be helpful to remember that you are your children’s first teacher—you’ve already helped prepare your children for school through the talking, reading, playing, writing, and singing you do with them every day. You can continue to prepare your children over the next few weeks by engaging them in those same kinds of day-to-day interactions. Here are a few of the activities you can try:
1. Kindergarten Rehearsal
Try to incorporate the idea of kindergarten into as many interactions as possible. Walk your children through the same neighborhood that their new school is in, and if you can, give them a tour of the new school. If your children will be taking the bus, take them on public transit a few times so that they can get used to it. At home, you can “play kindergarten” with them by rehearsing drop offs and picks ups or by playing a game at dinner where they have to raise their hand before answering or asking a question. Talk enthusiastically about the first day of school and encourage you child to talk about it, too.
2. Independence Practice
When children go to their first day of school, they need to be able to do certain tasks on their own. You can help prepare them for these tasks by practicing them at home as much as possible and as often as possible. Offer encouragement and try to incorporate the tasks into everyday activities, games, and situations. Here are a few of the things they will need to know how to do:
- Tying and untying shoelaces
- Dressing and undressing (unbuttoning and buttoning pants, pulling off boots, zipping and unzipping coats)
- Opening and closing backpacks and lunchboxes
- Knowing full name, age, and phone number
- Going to the bathroom
- Following two-step directions (take your shoes off and sit at your desk)
- Separating from parents and caregivers
3. Group Cooperation
On the first day of school, your children will become part of a larger group made up of classmates and peers. The teacher will expect your children to contribute to this larger group. You can prepare your children for this by giving them simple chores to do around the house, and then explaining why those chores are important. Here are some examples of what you can have them do:
- Making the bed
- Putting toys away
- Setting the table
- Putting away dishes
- Putting groceries in the basket
- Helping with brothers and sisters
4. School Subject Fun
Encourage your children’s interest in science, math, reading and writing by weaving those subjects into daily conversation. If you want your children to learn about science, talk to them about the foods they see at the grocery store or in the fridge—ask them to identify the vegetables, fruits, or grains, and then have a conversation with them about healthy and unhealthy foods. For math, you can have them count their steps when they walk up or down the stairs, or you can get them to practice subtracting and adding when they are putting away their toys. Look at books with them and talk about the pictures and words they see. Ask them questions about how the ideas and pictures relate to episodes and situations from their own lives.
5. Paper, Crayons, Go!
Screens are everywhere—including in the classroom—but children still need to know how to use pencils, paper, glue sticks, and crayons. Teachers say that new students sometimes lack fine motor skills because they spend so much time on screens. You can increase your children’s fine motor skills by encouraging them to write and draw (the old fashioned way) using pencils and papers, and by limiting the time they spend on tablets and phones. If possible, provide your children with art supplies and a dedicated place to write and draw. Let them scribble faces, draw animal pictures, finger paint a landscape, practice letters, or colour in colouring books.
Practicing these activities will surely help your children feel more confident about starting school.
For more information about family literacy, visit the Centre for Family Literacy website: www.famlit.ca